Sean Burke played 17 seasons in the NHL, including a five year stint with the Hartford Whalers as well as stops in New Jersey, Carolina, Vancouver, Philadelphia, Florida, Phoenix and Los Angeles. He had a solid career, but now he’s widely considered one of the best goalie coaches in hockey.

Burke is currently the goalie coach and assistant to the general manager for the Phoenix Coyotes as well as one of four members of Hockey Canada’s Program of Excellence.

I caught up with Burke and got his views on goaltending coaches for young players, technical advice and how he works with NHL goalies.

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What impressed me most about Burke was his enthusiasm and passion when it came to amateur goalies, and his fear that many of them are being over coached. Here is our conversation, and my thoughts are in italics.

Gregor: How much has it refined the position having goaltending coaches throughout minor hockey? Has it made goalies better?

Burke: Well it’s interesting; I think that there is good and bad in that. I don’t think that bad coaching is better than no coaching at all. I worry sometimes that a lot of kids at a young age are getting some coaching that maybe isn’t the best thing for them, and if they were just out there having fun, competing and playing hard they might learn just as much at that early age.  

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There are some great goalie coaches, there are some benefits to these young kids, the instruction that they are getting, but I think that it’s gone a little overboard and that there are too many young goalies out there getting instruction from guys that aren’t qualified. 

**Over coaching for every position has become an issue in minor hockey, and considering there are very few coaches who played the position, I can imagine it would be extremely difficult to find enough proper coaches for young goalies.

Gregor: How do you rectify that problem? 

Burke: Well, good question. I think that in Canada we are starting to discuss those issues and talking about possibly certification for goalie coaches and putting some guidelines together for our young goaltenders. It will be guys who have played the game for a long time, guys that have been good coaches throwing ideas back and forth and coming up with some solutions, because I really think that it has become a little bit of a problem. 

I do think that there are some great coaches out there and there are some real benefits to some young goaltenders getting some instruction, but I think that some of the young guys now are starting to get overwhelmed with the amount of information. I think that it’s taking a little bit of the athleticism out of the game and as these kids get older, I think it’s affecting them sometimes in almost a negative way.  

So again, there is a balance there and I think that there are a lot of things to discuss, but I think that Canada is starting to recognize that there is coming a point where we are going to have to do some things about it.  

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Gregor: Is there one thing that can be a really bad type of coaching that people are giving young goaltenders? 

Burke: Well, I would say one thing. There is a thought process that you can take any kid, put a pair of skates on him, give him some equipment and teach him technically how to play the game and he’ll be a good goalie. I think that there is some danger in that. I don’t think that any kid when he is seven or eight should put the pads on and say ‘I’m going to be a goalie and that’s all I’m going to do.’ I think that there is real value in kids learning how to skate properly, have fun, play some shinny hockey, and really understand the game because to me, hockey sense is just as important as in any other position.

I don’t know how you learn hockey sense if all you ever do is put the pads on and are taught this is the way to butterfly, this is the way to play a wrap around. I think that the best thing for any goaltenders is to, at a young age, play the game, score some goals, get out there on the ice and skate with your teammates and have some fun.
Then maybe when you get to be ten, eleven or twelve and you’re real serious about playing goal, you have a real understanding about how the game is played and what forwards and what defencemen see on the ice. I just think that there is real value in that and it learning how much hockey sense you have as you get older.

** Excellent answer. Way too many coaches and parents feel their son or daughter should only play one position, mainly because they believe it gives them a better chance to master it. I’ve always felt kids should play defence and forward, and while most kids don’t want to play goalie, it is unfair to force or encourage one child on the team to only play goal when they are six, seven or eight.** 

Gregor: I love that philosphy. It seems many of us forget about goalies playing out at a young age. Should associations make it mandatory that teams can’t have only one goalie when kids are young?

Burke: Yeah. I mean hockey, it’s a fun game and you can ask any goaltender for the most part who has played in the National Hockey League or who has played professionally, the first thing they do when they take the pads off  they want to do is play shinny or play defence or play forward. I’m an example of that. I started playing men’s hockey as a defenceman the day I retired. It’s a great game and it’s a fun game to play in.  

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I just think that if you pigeon hole any young player and put him at one position and don’t let him experience other parts of the game, I think the kid is missing some value in just going out there and learning about the whole game and a goaltender is no different.  

My son is actually in Portland, Brendan, and he’s with the Winterhawks and he’s having an excellent season. However, he didn’t start playing goal until he was ten or eleven years old. I wouldn’t let him. I said to him, ‘I want you to skate for a couple of years, play forward and enjoy the game,’ and it hasn’t affected him. He’s 18 now and he maybe was a little bit behind, technically, some of the other kids, but that’s only a small part of the game, the technical side. There is so much more to the position outside of that.

**I suspect you will have many parents and coaches arguing about this, mainly because if they rotate the position they will give up too many goals some games when certain kids are in net. Too many minor hockey parents and coaches believe winning is the most important aspect of minor hockey. It shouldn’t be. Developing kid’s skills and ensuring they have fun should be priority number one.

How many novice or atom hockey parents who are reading this have only one or two kids playing goal on their team? I guess close to 50%.**

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Gregor: Do you feel that if a goalie doesn’t have hockey sense as a foundation the technical stuff really isn’t going to matter? 

Burke: Well yeah, again I think that it is all about a balance. In my opinion, when a kid is young, and they start playing hockey, the most important thing at that age is to go out and have some fun and to compete and to learn how to work hard, how to battle, how to do all of those things that, naturally if you are going to be an athlete, they are going to come to you.  

Once they realise, ‘I like that game and I have a little bit of ability’ then you can take a kid and show him a whole bunch of technical things and try to make him better.  

I think that the mistake that we make in today’s game with young kids, and I’m seeing it more and more with goalies, is that we take him when he is six, seven or eight and we put him in the net and we show him every little technical thing that someone has read about, watched a video on, or some guy who played minor hockey says I can show you how to butterfly and how to do a V and a cheat push and all of these different terms. The poor kid is so confused by the time that he is eight or nine that all he knows how to do is basically go into a technical stance, and he hasn’t learned the other parts of the game.  

So in my opinion, you have to have fun with it first. You enjoy it like most kids who go out and play shinny hockey or play on an outdoor rink. You don’t have a coach showing you anything, you go out and you kind of learn on your own and then as you move along when you get to the point where you have any kind of ability, then you can teach kids all of that technical stuff.

**A very interesting take from Burke when it comes to technique. Giving kids too much technical information at a young age can hurt them. It makes sense, because it is essentially the same as over teaching system play to the forwards and defenceman. Hopefully we don’t have too many goalies being inundated with too much technical coaching at a young age.** 

Gregor: The Portland Winterhawks have their own goaltending coach, how do you ensure that you don’t contradict what their coach is telling your son? Do you work with the Portland goaltending consultant? How does that work? 

Burke: Well it’s kind of funny, but first of all you have to believe right off of the bat that you don’t know everything about the game and I’m the first one to admit that. As long as I’ve played and as many great experiences as I’ve had in the game, I’m still learning myself at times. If you think that you have learned everything, that you know everything about the game, you’re in trouble. 

I may not always agree with some of the things that my son is being taught or some of the things that he has been learning along the way from other people, but on the other hand I’ve also learned some things myself from people who have come along and showed him different things. You always have to be open to learning. 

But again, I think that the most important thing is that when you have a young player who has some ability you have to let them be an athlete. What I do with Brendan (Burke’s son) is when I met his goalie coach Tyler Love, who I think does an excellent job, I put the pads on myself and went out on the ice and said ‘okay what are you going to show Brendan?’ and I went through it all.

I said ‘I agree with that’ or ‘I don’t agree with that’ but we worked closely and so the last couple of  years I’ve just let him run with it and again, I don’t think that you are ever going to know everything about the position. The game evolves and you have to evolve with it, but I do believe first and foremost, especially as a goaltender you have to be an athlete and you have to have hockey sense. After that there are a lot of other things that you can teach a guy.

**Burke is a unique hockey parent because he played at a high level. I like his approach to always be opening to learning more about the position, but also that he allows the coach to coach his son. I’m guessing for most parents, one of the hardest things to do is bite your tongue and not tell your child to do the opposite of what the coach says. I’m sure that can be a battle sometimes.**


Gregor: When you bring in an NHL guy, how do you start those lines of communication? How do you gain their trust in the case of a guy like Mike Smith to alter small things in his game? 

Burke: Well I think that first of all I have a little bit of an advantage and I think that guys respect me when they come in because of the amount of years that I played. I don’t have a way about me that is it’s going to be my way or no way. I think that today if I believe that you should play a certain way, and you show me that you can do it better your way, then I’m open to that.  

At the end of the day is about stopping the puck, it’s about being confident, it’s about being able to give your team the opportunity to win most nights. If a guy can show me that he is able to do that with his own way, then I’m not going to mess with it. But I do think that the guys that we have brought into Phoenix in the last few years are all really good athletes, they are guys that compete hard, but there are little areas of their games that they could work on. And that’s basically what I try to do. 

I try to take some little things that I’ve learned over the years, and pass them on and work on them with the guys and then give them a lot of confidence. I let them know that I believe in them and that I know that they are going to go out and compete hard every night and make them feel good about themselves.  

I think that when our goalies step onto the ice, they know that I have their back and that we’re not going to be sitting in the room criticising everything that they do. I understand that they are going to have bad nights, they’re going to give up a bad goal every once in a while, but it’s about keeping them confident and hopefully they believe in themselves enough to go out and win every night.

**The goalie/goalie coach relationship is very unique compared to the head coach and his players. There is way more one-on-one teaching, and it was interesing hearing Burke say his main job is to ensure the goalie has confidence. It is easier for him to do that with one or two goalies than it is for the head coach with 23 players. I doubt most head coaches feel their main goal is keeping every player confident at the same time. That would be impossible.**

Gregor: I’ve listened to some analysts describe goalies as ‘this guy lets the puck hit him.’ What are your thoughts on that? Is that a style, or do you prefer that he has hockey sense first, and you can’t just play an “allow the puck to hit me” style? 

Burke: Well there’s a combination. I mean, I learned a lot when I was playing for Benoit Allaire, who is the best goalie coach that I had. He took what I had as my strength at the time, some experience in the league, some athleticism, I competed hard and I thought that I was in great shape, and he improved my technical game. I didn’t have a real good technical base because I had never worked on it that much and I didn’t really feel that it was something lacking in my game until I got to Phoenix and realised that there is still a lot that I can learn. So when I think of any goaltender in the world now, I think that the best goaltenders are going to be the guys that have a combination of both things. They are going to be very athletic and yet they are going to be able to, as you say, be able to let the puck hit them at certain times. 

I don’t think that there is one particular way that you can play and be successful. If you are a great blocker, but you are not a guy that reads the play well or you are not very athletic, I think that you are going to be limited. And vice versa, if you are a guy who is very athletic but you have no base to your game and you have no technical side to it, then I think that you are going to have some trouble as well. To me it’s a combination and I think that after watching the last few seasons, it is the goalies who have both are going to be successful in the league.

**When you look at the best goalies in the game they seem to be athletic first and technically sound second. If a goalie isn’t athletic, I don’t think they can last or be successful long-term in the NHL.** 

Gregor: As much as you work with the goaltenders, do you also map out game plans with Dave Tippett as far as how to attack opposing goaltenders? Are there obvious weak spots in opposing goaltender’s games?  

Burke: I think that there is, but I don’t think that at this level shooting blocker side is going to cut it anymore. There is not anyone playing in the league, at least not a consistent goaltender, who has any glaring weakness night after night.  

I think that there are weaknesses in styles. I think that there are guys that are too aggressive. I think that there are guys that are too erratic in their game, and if you are able to expose that on some nights you will be successful.

I think that more than anything, we have the type of team in Phoenix that has to play a certain way to score goals. We are not going to create highlight goals by incredible plays; we are going to have to get lots of traffic and have to get pucks through from the point. 

There is some value in knowing the other team’s goaltenders, but at the end of the day, I think that a lot of offence nowadays is created by traffic and getting pucks through and banging away at rebounds.

**Once again Burke makes an excellent point. When we’ve seen goalies in Edmonton struggle recently they usually aren’t getting beat in the same spot every game. They will allow a week goal over the shoulder one game, then the next a puck goes right through them, or the next game they whiff on a long shot. That jives perfectly with what Burke said regarding their style. Their style is opening up too many holes and teams are finding the openings.**


Burke is very passionate about goalies. I really enjoyed listening to his views and concerns about minor hockey goalies. I’m sure it would be difficult for any minor hockey association to get enough proper goalie coaches, however, after listening to Burke, I’m not sure they are needed until kids are 10-12 years of age.

If teams in novice and atom are switching goalies regularly you don’t need a savvy technical goalie coach, just one how can show them the simple basics and how to put their pads on properly.

I suspect you would get a lot of resistance from some hockey parents who would either want their son to play every game in goal, or never want their son to be a part of the goalie rotation. However, according to Burke it would be more beneficial to the kids if none of them were forced to play goal every game when they were seven or eight years old, and hopefully that becomes the norm not the exception in hockey circles.


  • OttawaOilFan

    Many many years ago when I was young. We had house league teams and City teams. Teams playing house league (below Pee Wee) didn’t pick their goaltenders until everyone had a chance in net. Some teams did this all year, others settled into one or two kids. fixed goaltenders didn’t happen until Pee Wee.
    I’m a big believer in rotating positions at younger ages especially for the first half of the season.
    Our perspective needs to change. It’s not about creating players of position, it’s about getting and keeping kids excited about sports.
    Most of us change employers and careers as we search for what we like. Sports is the same. Kids need to have fun, learn sportsmanship, learn to hang out with friends, be accountable, succeed and fail.

  • OttawaOilFan

    Really good insight into the “mind” of a goalie coach. Someone with years of NHL experience can do wonders with the talent they have as seen by Burke of the last # of years. When I looked up the stats on our goalie coach, man-o-man … he has exactly 32!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! games of NHL experience. I’m not going to say this is the total problem with our goaltending the last few years but that definitely says a lot. FC has a lot of years under his belt for goaltending but only 32 games in the NHL and just 4 wins is just WOW in my mind!

    • The Soup Fascist

      Francois Allaire played one season of Canadian college hockey – never got a sniff of the pro’s and is considered by most, including Burke, to be the gold standard of Goalie coaches.

      • The Soup Fascist

        Brings to mind the quote:

        “Those that can, Do… Those that can’t, Teach”

        I’m that way with golf. I totally know how to do it right and have helped friends/family improve their games but I’m still terribad with my own game.

    • O.C.

      Games played in the show means nothing surrounding using this as a measuring device surrounding abilities to coach. We could write pages on this. Perhaps less is more in making the point however. Two words.

      “Scotty Bowman”

  • OttawaOilFan

    I’m 30 Years old and have played hockey my entire life. I started playing goal when I was about 13 years old and I agree whole heartedly with Burke. One thing I will say after having a desk job for the past 7 years is that if you don’t have the athletisim that Burke talks about you won’t be making all the saves no mater how technical you are.

  • vetinari

    Kids don’t need to be specialists at an early age– they need to have fun and experience playing at all of the positions to get some empathy with what their teammates do and to understand how the game is played.

    Maybe the kid won’t be so mad at his defenceman when they have a turnover on a breakout and the opposing team gets a breakaway on you?

    Parents think that their kids are going to be the next “NHL superstar” and will get some kind of competitive advantage over the other kids if they specialize early and half the time, they burn their own kids out.

  • ubermiguel

    “You have a real understanding about how the game is played and what forwards and what defencemen see on the ice.”

    This reminds me of something I read about Hasek: he thought the game like a chess-board. To do that you really have to understand how all the pieces work.

    Burke was a very good and well respected goalie in his day. I remember Gretzky pushing for him to be on the 2002 Olympic roster due to his international experience.

  • The Soup Fascist

    Great read, thanks Jason. My son is a AAA PeeWee goalie so this really hits home for me. Although I begged him to be a defenseman, I couldn’t talk him out of strapping on the pads. Unfortunately, I had no idea how to be a goalie as I spent my entire hockey career on the blueline. Hell, when I first helped him strap on goalie pads I couldn’t figure out why he couldn’t butterfly… it was because I did the pads up as tight as I would for regular shin pads and human legs don’t bend into butterfly stance. (For those that don’t know better, the pads actually rotate on the legs when a goalie drops into a butterfly)

    He’s a bright kid and had a lot of questions about how to “do it right” so I thought the best course would be to take him to professionals since there are not any courses for coaches/dads. I didn’t want to ruin him by giving him bad advice. As he got older he finally said “these guys all tell me different things and it’s very confusing.” I realized then that he was being over-coached.

    I still set him up with regular coaching sessions because I believe it’s important to learn proper technique. For example, I wish I would have had someone teach me how to golf before I learned all kinds of bad habits on my own. However, since his comment I have told him to keep an open mind to everything he is taught but to stick with whatever works for him. I’ve also told him that I support him in pushing back if an instructor (myself included) is being aggressive with a technique that makes him uncomfortable. It’s made a huge difference in his confidence and enjoyment level both of which directly translate to on-ice success.

    • The Soup Fascist

      Just curious what jurisdiction you are in that has “PeeWee AAA hockey”? Not trying to short circuit the discussion, but I thought there was a move across Canada and the U.S. to keep the development base “wider” to avoid pigeon-holing kids into (or out of) an elite stream too early. For example Edmonton now has 7 or 8 Peewee AA teams instead of 3-4 Peewee AAA teams as there was 15 years ago, thereby giving more kids an opportunity to compete at a high level. Which kind of makes sense if the true intent is to develop kids, especially at this younger age.

      To bring it back to goaltending in makes more sense to have 16 kids facing elite scoring talent than 8 if you are trying to develop a broader talent base.

      • The Soup Fascist

        We are in the Greater Vancouver area. Honestly, I was pretty shocked by how different hockey is here than in Alberta; we just moved here last year.

        There are private clubs in each “catchment” that run multiple tiers of rep hockey as part of a broader rep league. The private clubs play against the peasant clubs in an extremely competitive (read: crazy) environment. We got shelled by Burnaby Winter Club 8 – 0 and the parents from Burnaby were tossing hats on the ice and mocking my son even though the shots were 54 – 8. (yes, my son is on the equivalent of the Oilers in the Vancouver area and yes, there was very nearly a “hockey parent incident” when they started doing that)

        To be fair, there is no official AAA category. They have tiers of A with A1 being at the top down to, I believe, A5. If you are not in a rep tier then you are in house. The A1 tier would be the equivalent of AAA from when I was growing up in Alberta. There is also Spring Hockey that does use the AAA, AA, A labels but these exist in Alberta as well.

        • The Soup Fascist

          Spring hockey is another animal totally. It is the Wild West. No sanctioning from the provincial hockey bodies. Some tournaments now bill themselves as AAAA. Running out of room on the jackets for all the “A”s. Ridiculous.

          IMO summers should be for baseball, lacrosse, bikes or the lake. To each his own.

  • ubermiguel

    Great read but with the ridiculous losing in this town has made it difficult to see other teams with a successful plan and on ice product. The old boys continue to run this team into the Earth’s core. It sucks because the losses are the only thing on our minds now. This is a real heartbreak. Eff you Lowe and MacT!! We need a William Wallace to free us from this ruthless regime. I digress.

  • JSR

    **I suspect you will have many parents and coaches arguing about this, mainly because if they rotate the position they will give up too many goals some games when certain kids are in net. Too many minor hockey parents and coaches believe winning is the most important aspect of minor hockey. It shouldn’t be. Developing kid’s skills and ensuring they have fun should be priority number one.

    How many novice or atom hockey parents who are reading this have only one or two kids playing goal on their team? I guess close to 50%.**

    This is a double-edged sword in my opinion. I whole-heartedly agree with developing skills, but what are they developing skills for? To win hockey games….

    I coach at the Atom level, we rotate the two kids that wanted to take turns in net. The last two years in Novice, everyone had at least one turn in net.

    On another note, some of the players we have do not like to lose, so ensuring they have fun does come into play with winning.

    • Jason Gregor

      This is a double-edged sword in my opinion. I whole-heartedly agree with developing skills, but what are they developing skills for? To win hockey games….

      The main aspect of developing skill is that they have more fun, and developing skill also gives kids confidence. To me that is more important. WInning is secondary, but many actually believe that is the main goal.

  • Jason Gregor

    I heard your interview with him on the radio. It was a very good listen.

    I cringed when he mentioned certified goalie coaches and that he was with Hockey Canada.

    Certifying Professional Goalies Coaches, I’m good with. There are a few facilities that offer the service around Edmonton and being Certified would help ease the mind of consumers.

    If he’s talking Certifying the minor hockey coaches, who are volunteers, I’m not okay with that. Although it may be better in the big picture, there are enough problems getting coaches as things are now and with organizations requiring more and more certifications for coaches, I expect to see a large drop off in people being available.

    I do coach but very little with our goalies. I don’t know how to play goal and unless it’s something quite obvious, I’m not qualified to be instructing.

    Our association does have a goalie development program and I firmly believe this is the way to go. We initially started this program because of a shortage of goalies throughout the system and a side-benefit has been the access to qualified coaches for all goalies in the system.

    I could go on but I won’t (I hope I get some prop’s for that)

  • The Soup Fascist

    Sean Burke argh! I’d rather learn about BRIAN BURKE’S views on size, enforcing, truculence and BLACK and BLUE hockey!!!!! Time to recall BIG bad-very bad- STEVE MACINTYRE!!!!!

  • The Soup Fascist

    I think one of the biggest problems with minor hockey in Canada right now is that parents seem to have an “NHL or bust” kind of mentality. So many kids play minor hockey in Canada and the odds of any single kid making the big leagues is a longshot. I’m not saying that young athletes should not strive to reach the highest level but I just feel that parents put too much pressure on kids from a young age. Let them fall in love with the game and enjoy their youth. If they work hard and they have the talent, they will get their opportunities in their teens to start taking hockey more seriously.

  • billythebullet

    Off topic but do not be fooled by the spring hockey “aaa” moniker. Mostly just a gimmick imho to draw hockey crazy parents with extra cash to spend. My son played in it last yr and to be quite honest only a couple of the teams I seen deserved to be considered elite. The rest was well, barely comparible to rep level winter leagues. also note that spring hockey is not sanctioned by hockey alberta. Total money grab. Stick to winter league and have your kids play a different spring/summer sport it will be better for their development.

  • billythebullet

    Good interview Jason.

    A friend at work has a son who is training hard to be a goalie. Practices all the time, goes to all the clinics and camps, and spends hours watching videos when not at the rink. I guess its all the kid too, and he has to pull him away from it sometimes and make him do something else. He is only 9 but plays on the 11 year old team (not sure league names), and is one of the best goalies on their league.

    He is only allowed to play goal for less than half of their games though, and when he is not playing goal he switches between forward and defense. I am not sure if it is like that everywhere, but it seems that there is some kind of control right now in some places to make sure that young players are learning all positions of the game. Do you think this is more of an isolated case, or do most places have “goalie only” players at that age or younger? Burke mentioned 6,7,8 years old, and my friend’s son has to still play a decent mix at age 9. Burke’s points are good, just curious if everyone might already be forced to learn a bit of every position at a young age.

  • Czar

    I trained in the same gym as Burke did in the off season and spoke with him several times. I witnessed his interaction with both fans and athletes,he always had time for everyone,was a good communicator and had great knowledge of not only goaltending but the game itself.The Oilers could certainly use a guy like him in the organization.