A Pilot Study


Statistical analysis of NHL hockey has come a long way, even in the relatively short period of time that I’ve been writing. But where should it go next?

There is a lot of information that our current knowledge doesn’t capture, and I have an idea to remedy some of that ignorance, at least for one team.


I’ve spent that last few seasons hand-tracking various stats. In 2012-13, I recorded zone entries, determining who got the puck into the offensive zone, how he did it and what the outcomes were afterward. This season in Oklahoma, I hand-tracked unblocked shot attempts (Fenwick) while Barons players were on the ice. I’ve done things too like track every puck movement in a playoff series, and naturally I’ve covered scoring chances for years.

It’s something I encourage anybody interested in the game to do, because it lends focus to observation. There’s so much going on in a hockey game that it’s hard to catch and remember it all; the enforced discipline of something as simple as following scoring chances has made following the game a richer experience for me personally.

Of course, that’s one benefit; the greater one is gathering useful information.

There is a lot we can do with statistical analysis in its current state. Tyler Dellow has moved to the next critical step with Corsi – breaking it down situationally and combining it with video to determine what has happened (this for instance, though not including video, is awfully cool).

But there’s also a lot that we can’t do.

One remarkable example is the work of Eric Tulsky and others on zone entries (moving beyond play-by-play data and into privately-recorded stats). The latest evolution of it to suss out defensive performance is a fantastic additional refinement. This is all data that goes beyond what the NHL tracks, and that helps tell us not just how a player is performing but starts offering us glimpses into why.

As I write about the Oilers, I’m naturally interested in the same sort of information about them, but I wanted to expand the scope to capture more data. The following is what I have in mind.

The Test Run


I went back to the game between the Oilers and Senators on March 4 (Ales Hemsky’s final game – might as well pick one of the entertaining contests for an exercise like this), and broke down the following from the first period:

  • Every territorial change or attempted territorial change (i.e. moving from the defensive zone to the offensive zone) 
  • Every possession change (turnovers, takeaways, etc.) 
  • Every shot attempt (goals, shots, misses and blocks)

There were 258 such events in the first period of the game; it took about three hours to log them all (if history is any guide, I can cut that down as I get better at this). In addition to time-stamping each one, I noted who was on the ice, which Oiler was closest to the play and added an explanatory remark to the play.

The Results


The things we can take from this kind of data are, in my view, exceptional. Consider these three examples:

  • Getting into shooting lanes. In our 20 minute test run, a shooter to whom Jeff Petry was closest tried to shoot the puck four times. Of those four shots, two were blocked by Petry, one went wide, and in a fourth case Petry was able to force it to a bad angle but couldn’t close off the lane. In contrast, Mark Fraser (who played fewer minutes) was the defending Oiler on two Ottawa shots; both times the Senators got the puck on net.
  • Holding the defensive blue line. I’m stealing this idea from Tulsky and co. because it’s an excellent one. In our 20 minutes, the Senators attempted to gain the Oilers’ zone six times on Martin Marincin’s side of the ice. Three times, he broke up the play and once he pressured them enough to force a dump; the other two times they gained the zone with possession couldn’t stop it at the line. In contrast, Mark Fraser was on the receiving end of four of these and in three cases the Senators gained the zone with possession.
  • Turnovers. We aren’t just capturing turnovers and takeaways (something the NHL is brutally inconsistent at) but we’re capturing context, because we can compare them to exits and entries. We know Andrew Ference made three zone exits and two zone entries, but we also know he lost possession of the puck three times – once by losing a puck battle, twice by making poor passes. Over time, we’d be able to compare how frequently players make bad possession decisions relative to how much of the puck-moving load they’re carrying.

One game provides an interesting snipped, but over the course of the season we’d be able to learn a lot about the players involved – including items like defensive performance that can be hard to measure. This should also make our current statistics more valuable – for instance, a player who consistently plays too conservatively at his own blue line is going to run up a terrible Corsi, even if he’s great in other areas.

We’ll also be able to compare the Oilers to their opposition, because we have all this data for the other team.

What It Looks Like/Suggestions

5.1.14 OTTEDM

The shot above shows how I tracked the data; the sequence is from the Oilers’ first period power play. Apart from what we’ve already illustrated above, we get an idea of the Oilers problems. The Oilers scored here, but the gaps between their entries and the Senators’ exits – four seconds, four seconds – show how they struggled to get setup in the zone. Even on the goal, Hemsky carried the puck in on the rush and scored three seconds later; it was a moment of personal brilliance rather than power play efficiency.

I’ve put this here in a search for suggested improvements. I’m hoping to do this kind of breakdown for all 82 Oilers games next year, and it would be great to know what other information would be considered valuable.


  • 916oiler

    Somehow making a note of these events with regard to the score – i.e. when a team has the lead/are trailing, or if it’s a close game vs. blow out, or if a play decides the game.

    -It could show the drive/perseverance/lackthereof of a team.

    -It could also show players who are ‘good’ but tend to contribute in meaningless/important scenarios ‘clutch’ vs. ‘uhhh not clutch but still productive when it doesn’t matter?’

    -It would be easier to track and label ‘game changers’ with this much data, and to attribute the causes of said ‘game changers’.

  • seems incredible to me that people like Dave Semenko, Kelly Buchberger and KLowe can grasp and utilize such data……not to disparage them, just sayin. It follows that understanding and applying such data leads to greater results? ie..the Pens, Bruins, Kings rank high with such stats?

      • paul wodehouse

        True. Oil management are too haughty and arrogant, they don’t even think there is a freakin problem!!! Look at Van, they missed the playoffs by a few points ONCE and bang! Fired and Fired and open admission to change everything. In Edm, you get promoted after failing!! Jesus

  • It would be interesting not just to see zone entries for and then against. How is our offense doing and how is our defense doing? I think on the zone entries against it would be interesting to add a line showing if that resulted in a shot against, goal against, or if the Oilers were able to get the other team to turn it over for potential zone entry FOR.

    Does that make sense? It sounds like a ton of work, and you’d think the Oilers have stats guys that can handle this…I’d suggest it’s like a whole paid position to do this kind of work.

    • That’s actually data we can draw from this exercise – because the info is time stamped, we can establish how much zone time the Oilers get off each entry, and what they did with it, vs. what the opposition managed with their entries.

  • ubermiguel

    I will be interested in the Turnover Zone. I’m more inclined to forgive high risk passes in the offensive zone that are attempts at scoring. Defensive zone turnovers should be avoided at all costs.

    Also for faceoffs it will be interesting to compare the quality of wins (e.g.: scrambled wins vs. clean wins).

  • Rambelaya

    Man, the amount of work involved in that seems insane.

    Having said that, I agree that the kind of data gleaned from the process would be invaluable. Great ideas.